2020

24.03.2020 – SGS AG

EU Proposes to Revise Food Contact Plastics Regulation

SAFEGUARDS | Consumer ProductsNO. 036/20

SG 03620 Donuts in Plastic

The European Comitology Register has published a draft Regulation to amend and correct Regulation (EU) 10/2011 on food contact plastics (the Regulation). This comprehensive proposal contains, inter alia, important changes to Annexes I, II, IV and V to the Regulation.

According to the new proposal, the new law will enter into force on the twentieth day after its publication in the Official Journal of the EU. Food contact plastics complying with the Regulation before the entry into force of the new Regulation, and which were first placed on the market within six months after the date of entry into force, may continue to be placed on the market for two years and remain there until stocks are exhausted.

Highlights of the proposal are summarized in Table 1.

Entry Section Highlight
1 Annex I, Table 1
‘Union List of Authorized Substances’
  • A completely new detection limit of 0.002 mg/kg for 1,3-phenylenediamine (1,3-diaminobenzene, CAS 108-45-2)
  • Addition of three new entries, including titanium dioxide surface-treated with fluorine-modified alumina
2 Annex II
‘Restrictions on Materials and Articles’

Completely replaces Annex II:

  • New Table 1 defines the specific migration limit (SML) for 19 substances where some of the substances are subject to certain conditions, and an additional five substances where their migrations are subject to Articles 11(3) and 12 (see Table 2 below)
  • ≤ 0.002 mg/kg for each primary aromatic amine (PAA) listed in Appendix 8 to entry 43 of Annex XVII of Regulation (EC) 1907/2006 ‘Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)’ where there is no migration limit in Table 1 to Annex I
  • ≤ 0.01 mg/kg for the sum of PAAs not listed in Appendix 8 to entry 43 of Annex XVII of REACH where there is no specific limit in Annex I – this obligation is to be verified in accordance with Article 19 of the Regulation ‘Assessment of Substances not Included in the Union List’
3 Annex IV
‘Declaration of Compliance’
Replaces point 6 to include information on the quantity of substances in intermediate materials
4
Annex V
‘Compliance Testing’

Amends point 2.1.3 to Chapter 2 ‘Conditions of contact when using food simulants’:

  • Adds new point (iv) on defining rules for the migration of plastic materials or components in food processing equipment or appliances

Replaces point 2.1.6 to Chapter 2 ‘Repeated Use Articles’:

  • The migration test(s) for repeated use food contact materials and articles are obliged to be carried out three times on a single sample using a fresh portion of simulant on each occasion. The specific migration value for each occasion must not be higher than the value in the preceding migration test. Although compliance for migration is based on the third test, compliance cannot be established if the migration value increases from the first migration test to third migration test even if the SML is not exceeded in any of the three tests

Replaces Table 3 under point 3.1 to Chapter 3 ‘Standardized Conditions for Testing the Overall Migration’:

  • New Test Number OM0 (40 °C, 30 minutes) for any food contact at cold or room temperatures with no more than 30 minutes
  • The words ‘or at reflux’ added to the testing conditions in OM4
  • Editorial changes to footnote to reflect OM0

Table 1

Entry Name Salts allowed according to Article 6(3)(a) Specific Migration Limit (mg/kg)
1 Aluminum
Yes 1
2 Ammonium
Yes
--*
3 Antimony
No 0.04
4 Arsenic
No Not Detected (ND)
(Detection Limit = 0.01)
5 Barium Yes
1
6 Cadmium
No ND
(Detection Limit = 0.002)
7 Calcium
Yes
--*
8 Chromium
No ND**
(Detection Limit = 0.01)
9 Cobalt
Yes
0.02
10 Copper
Yes
5
11 Europium***
Yes
0.05
12 Gadolinium***
Yes
0.05
13 Iron
Yes
48
14 Lanthanum***
Yes
0.05
15 Lead
No ND
(Detection Limit = 0.01)
16 Lithium
Yes
0.6
17 Magnesium Yes
--*
18 Manganese
Yes
0.6
19 Mercury No ND
(Detection Limit = 0.01)
20 Nickel
No 0.02
21 Potassium
Yes
--*
22 Sodium
Yes
--*
23 Terbium***
Yes
0.05
24 Zinc
Yes
5
*Migration is subject to Articles 11(3) and 12
** Less stringent limit of 3.6 mg/kg allowed if pre-existing documentation demonstrates Cr (VI) is excluded
***Lanthanide substances can be used according to Article 6(3)(a) subject to SML is no more than 0.05 mg/kg for the sum of all lanthanide substances and the analytical evidence using a procedure demonstrating the lanthanide substance(s) used are present in dissociated ionic form in food or food simulant forms part of the documentation in Article 16.

Table 2

Regulations for food contact materials are fast changing and increasingly complex. To stay up-to-date with the latest legislation, check out our powerful regulatory compliance platform, SGS Digicomply.

SGS technical experts have extensive knowledge and testing experience in materials and articles in contact with food. They work to ensure that your products meet the appropriate regulations for food contact materials and pave the way for compliance. From overall migration test to expert advices on emerging regulations and compliance issues and documentation review, SGS is the partner to trust. Please do not hesitate to contact us for further information or visit our website.

For enquiries, please contact:

Hingwo Tsang
Global Information and Innovation Manager
t: (+852) 2774 7420

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