The shares traded on the equity market of the SIX Swiss Exchange are divided into three segments:
The bonds in the bond market of the SIX Swiss Exchange are also broken down into three segments:
- Swiss equities: The shares in this segment are of companies registered in Switzerland and listed on the SIX Swiss Exchange. These shares are also referred to as the domestic market.
- Foreign equities: The shares in this segment are of companies registered outside Switzerland which have a listing or secondary listing on the SIX Swiss Exchange and already have a listing on their domestic market.
- SIX Swiss Exchange Sponsored Segment: The shares in this segment are generally of foreign companies but could also include Swiss companies. Shares listed on the SIX Swiss Exchange are never to be found in the SIX Swiss Exchange Sponsored Segment but only shares that have been admitted to trading.
- Swiss bonds: If an issuer issues a bond in local currency in his home country, this is termed a domestic bond. Domestic bonds in Switzerland are always issued in Swiss francs.
- Foreign bonds: If an issuer decides to borrow money outside his home country in the currency of the country in question, this is termed a foreign bond. In this case the bond is subject to the regulations of this country. Foreign bonds listed on the SIX Swiss Exchange are issued by borrowers with a registered office abroad and are denominated in Swiss francs.
- International bonds: The main characteristics of an international bond are its denomination in a foreign currency and borrower's registered office abroad. This type of bond was previously called a Eurobond. From the Swiss point of view, a bond is international if the head office of the issue is outside Switzerland and the bond is denominated in a currency other than the Swiss franc.